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QUESTION 1
How does a switch differ from a hub?

A.    A switch does not induce any latency into the frame transfer time.
B.    A switch tracks MAC addresses of directly-connected devices.
C.    A switch operates at a lower, more efficient layer of the OSI model.
D.    A switch decreases the number of broadcast domains.
E.    A switch decreases the number of collision domains.

Answer: B
Explanation:
Some of the features and functions of a switch include:
A switch is essentially a fast, multi-port bridge, which can contain dozens of ports. Rather than creating two collision domains, each port creates its own collision domain. In a network of twenty nodes, twenty collision domains exist if each node is plugged into its own switch port. If an uplink port is included, one switch creates twenty-one single-node collision domains. A switch dynamically builds and maintains a Content-Addressable Memory (CAM) table, holding all of the necessary MAC information for each port. For a detailed description of how switches operate, and their key differences to hubs, see the reference link below.
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/473/lan-switch-cisco.shtml

QUESTION 2
What must occur before a workstation can exchange HTTP packets with a web server?

A.    A UDP connection must be established between the workstation and its default gateway.
B.    A UDP connection must be established between the workstation and the web server.
C.    A TCP connection must be established between the workstation and its default gateway.
D.    A TCP connection must be established between the workstation and the web server.
E.    An ICMP connection must be established between the workstation and its default gateway.
F.    An ICMP connection must be established between the workstation and the web server.

Answer: D
Explanation:
HTTP uses TCP port 80.
http://pentestlab.wordpress.com/2012/03/05/common-tcpip-ports/

QUESTION 3
How does TCP differ from UDP? (Choose two.)

A.    TCP provides best effort delivery.
B.    TCP provides synchronized communication.
C.    TCP segments are essentially datagrams.
D.    TCP provides sequence numbering of packets.
E.    TCP uses broadcast delivery.

Answer: BD
Explanation:
TCP differs from UDP in the following ways: TCP provides best effort delivery.
TCP provides synchronized communication. TCP segments are essentially datagrams.
TCP provides sequence numbering of packets. TCP uses broadcast delivery.

QUESTION 4
A workstation has just resolved a browser URL to the IP address of a server.
What protocol will the workstation now use to determine the destination MAC address to be placed into frames directed toward the server?

A.    HTTP
B.    DNS
C.    DHCP
D.    RARP
E.    ARP

Answer: E

QUESTION 5
Refer to the exhibit. Host A is sending a packet to Host B for the first time. What destination MAC address will Host A use in the ARP request?
 

A.    192.168.0.1
B.    172.16.0.50
C.    00-17-94-61-18-b0
D.    00-19-d3-2d-c3-b2
E.    ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff
F.    255.255.255.255

Answer: E
Explanation:
For the initial communication, Host A will send a broadcast ARP (all F’s) to determine the correct address to use to reach the destination.

QUESTION 6
The network manager has requested a 300-workstation expansion of the network.
The workstations are to be installed in a single broadcast domain, but each workstation must have its own collision domain. The expansion is to be as cost-effective as possible while still meeting the requirements. Which three items will adequately fulfill the request? (Choose three).

A.    one IP subnet with a mask of 255.255.254.0
B.    two IP subnets with a mask of 255.255.255.0
C.    seven 48-port hubs
D.    seven 48-port switches
E.    one router interface
F.    seven router interfaces

Answer: ADE
Explanation:
of 255.255.254.0 can absorb 510 hosts being 23 bits mask and also 7*48 port switches can handle this much hosts and router interface is required to be minimum to avoid unnecessary wastage hence the answers.

QUESTION 7
What are two common TCP applications? (Choose two.)

A.    TFTP
B.    SMTP
C.    SNMP
D.    FTP
E.    DNS

Answer: BD
Explanation:
SMTP uses TCP port 25, while FTP uses TCP ports 20 and 21.
http://pentestlab.wordpress.com/2012/03/05/common-tcpip-ports/

QUESTION 8
Which method does a connected trunk port use to tag VLAN traffic?

A.    IEEE 802 1w
B.    IEEE 802 1D
C.    IEEE 802 1Q
D.    IEEE 802 1p

Answer: C
Explanation:
http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/lan-switching/8021q/17056-741-4.html

QUESTION 9
Which two statements describe the operation of the CSMA/CD access method? (Choose two.)

A.    In a CSMA/CD collision domain, multiple stations can successfully transmit data simultaneously.
B.    In a CSMA/CD collision domain, stations must wait until the media is not in use before transmitting.
C.    The use of hubs to enlarge the size of collision domains is one way to improve the operation of the
CSMA/CD access method.
D.    After a collision, the station that detected the collision has first priority to resend the lost data.
E.    After a collision, all stations run a random backoff algorithm. When the backoff delay period has expired,
all stations have equal priority to transmit data.
F.    After a collision, all stations involved run an identical backoff algorithm and then synchronize with each
other prior to transmitting data.

Answer: BE
Explanation:
Ethernet networking uses Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detect (CSMA/CD), a protocol that helps devices share the bandwidth evenly without having two devices transmit at the same time on the network medium. CSMA/CD was created to overcome the problem of those collisions that occur when packets are transmitted simultaneously from different nodes. And trust me, good collision management is crucial, because when a node transmits in a CSMA/CD network, all the other nodes on the network receive and examine that transmission. Only bridges and routers can effectively prevent a transmission from propagating throughout the entire network! So, how does the CSMA/CD protocol work? Like this: when a host wants to transmit over the network, it first checks for the presence of a digital signal on the wire. If all is clear (no other host is transmitting), the host will then proceed with its transmission. But it doesn’t stop there. The transmitting host constantly monitors the wire to make sure no other hosts begin transmitting. If the host detects another signal on the wire, it sends out an extended jam signal that causes all nodes on the segment to stop sending data (think, busy signal). The nodes respond to that jam signal by waiting a while before attempting to transmit again. Backoff algorithms determine when the colliding stations can retransmit. If collisions keep occurring after 15 tries, the nodes attempting to transmit will then time out.

QUESTION 10
Refer to the exhibit. SwitchA receives the frame with the addressing shown in the exhibit. According to the command output also shown in the exhibit, how will SwitchA handle this frame?
 
A.    It will drop the frame.
B.    It will forward the frame out port Fa0/6 only.
C.    It will forward the frame out port Fa0/3 only.
D.    It will flood the frame out all ports.
E.    It will flood the frame out all ports except Fa0/3.

Answer: B
Explanation:
Switches keep the learned MAC addresses in a table, so that when a frame comes in with a destination MAC address that the switch has already learned, it will forward it to that port only. If a frame comes in with a destination MAC that is not already in the MAC address table, then the frame will be flooded to all ports except for the one that it came in on. In this case, Switch A already knows that 00b0.d0da.cb56 resides on port fa0/6, so it will forward the from out that port.


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